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Thursday, December 7, 2023

Complex Question Fallacy

 How do you answer a question someone asks you, when the question isn't true?  The question takes for granted an answer that you haven't responded to and is really asking you a follow up question.

The famous complex question fallacy is "Have you stopped beating your wife, yet?"  It is taken for granted that it is a known fact that you beat your wife.

Lawyer's trick.  It's an unjustified presumption. It's a trick question. 

Don't answer these types of questions.  They are trying to incriminate you.  

Wednesday, December 6, 2023


 People argue that Christmas' date, December 25, is a pagan holiday for Solstice.  What if it is?  I don't see the objection.  If you are pagan, can't you convert to Christianity?  You get baptized and then you are no longer a pagan.  Why isn't that true for pagan holidays and customs?  Why can't they become Christian holidays and customs?  

Tuesday, December 5, 2023

Nowhere Physically Is Everywhere Spiritually

 When our minds focus on anything, we are there in that place spiritually, as certainly as our bodies are located in a definite place.  Are you following me?

Our senses will be frustrated for lack of something to dwell on and we will feel like we should be doing something. Forget about it.  Continue doing this nothing.  Focus on God.  That is NOT nothing.  

Persevere in this nothingness.  Consciously long to possess God through love.  Get lost in this nowhere place.  This nothingness is blessed.  Keep at it.  Eventually, you will grasp it.  

I can't explain it.  It has to be experienced.

Monday, December 4, 2023

Funny Memories

 Found these on Facebook: 

Your funniest moment as an alter server server was........

Msgr: "Let us prayyyy!"


Msgr: "*Ahem* Let us prayyyy!"


Msgr: ".....Let us get the boooook"
Server turned beet red and came running with tears of embarrassment streaming down his face. Msgr comforted him and all was well.

The bell clapper came off in my sweaty hand right before Sanctus. No way that wire was going back in, so I improvised. I held the clapper in my left hand and shook the bell so the ball hit the sides. It sounded different, but Father was happy when I 'splained and told me to get the pliers.

Lit the advent wreath on fire, trying to reach the candle. Technically it was a ribbon attached to the wreath that ignited.

My brother and I were serving at midnight Christmas Mass, my brother fell asleep on the altar.

Father's sleeve knocked a Host off the ciborium and he didn't notice it.  We servers looked at each other.  Then one of us picked it up and just placed it on the altar.  Father saw it, and just picked it up and put it in with the others in the ciborium.   Then one of the boys said, "Thirty second rule."  We lost it.

Sunday, December 3, 2023

Believe None of What You See

 The reason I read "How the Light Gets In", is because I read Louise Penny's book before this one.  I had to know what happened to Chief Inspector Gamache and Inspector Jean-Guy Beauvoir.  Book # 8 left me hanging.  I just had to follow up and read # 9.

     Louise Penny did not disappoint.  Gamache's back was against the wall.  His department was gutted.  His friend, Jean-Guy was alienated from him.  Gamache finally just resigned--literally.  It maybe, forever, but I have to read the other mysteries to find out.

     In this one, Gamache has to go into hiding.  Of course, Three Pines is the place.  Gamache's supervisors, and even the premier of Canada, are all in cahoots against Gamache.  They were making a lot of money by not doing the construction work they should have done.  Structures were going to collapse.

      Fortunately, Gamache's plans pan out and the good guys win, again.  I love happy endings.

Wednesday, November 29, 2023

Sunday School isn't Cool


My parish put up its creche.  I brought my grandchildren to see it and say a prayer.  They didn't want to.  They were embarrassed because their friends might see them.  

I was telling this to the Faith Formation Director and she said she knows.  Children don't want to go to Church or Faith Formation Classes.  It's not cool.

I don't know what to do to change the culture, help my grandchildren.  Come Holy Spirit!

Monday, November 27, 2023

Beautiful Music is a Mystery

 Louise Penny's novel, The Beautiful Mystery is very well researched.  I gather that Louis Penny is not Catholic, yet her knowledge of monastic life and Dominicans adds great authenticity to her tale.

The monks are Gilbertines, an order that disappeared from sight around the 1300's.  In the novel, their monastery is on an island in Canada--very isolated.  They were very specialized in singing chants.  To raise money, they released a CD.  The monks got the money they needed.  Also, however, came the fame, which they didn't want. This cause the monks to be divided.  There were those who wanted to do more CDs and those that resisted.  The conflict led to the murder of the choir director.

This is where Chief Inspector Gamache and Inspector Jean-Guy Beauvoir, come in.  They track down the murderer.  Additionally, is the story line of Gamache's boss and Jean-Guy's drug addiction.  The book actually ends with Jean-Guy abusing drugs--again and angry at Gamache.  Now I know Jean-Guy eventually married Gamache's daughter, so Jean-Guy and Gamache must come together again, somehow.  I've just got to get the next book. to find out.  Louise Penny is clever, isn't she?

The murder mystery is interesting.  I'm not a music person, myself.  But since I've read this novel, I'm listening to Gregorian chant and trying to appreciate it.  Appreciating chant would have given me a taste of the mystery's theme.  If I loved chant, I would have understood the monks better.  But murder?  Well, music is said to tame the savage beast.  Chant is said to be conversing with God.  

A Dominican even enters the scene from 400 years ago.  No, he's not 400 years old, but the Inquisition had been looking for the Gilbertines since they disappeared from sight.  Their fame brought them to the attention of the Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith (Inquisition).  400 years!! Now you know why the Dominicans are called "hounds of the Lord." But I don't think the Gilbertines need fear the Dominicans, this friar fell in love with their chant, as he helped solved the murder.  He's the one who understood the ancient markings on the scroll, the murdered monk was clasping in his dying hands.

This novel had all the elements that I love: religion, murder in a monastery, monks, Dominicans, cops, and tension between employers and employees.  And it leaves the characters hanging just enough for me to order the next book in the Gamache series.  

Friday, November 24, 2023

The Final Doxology


Brothers and sisters:
To him who can strengthen you,
according to my gospel and the proclamation of Jesus Christ,
according to the revelation of the mystery kept secret for long ages
but now manifested through the prophetic writings and,
according to the command of the eternal God,
made known to all nations to bring about the obedience of faith,
to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ
be glory forever and ever. Amen.


Good Grief, Paul!  This is one long salutation!  However, it's at the end of this letter to Romans.  It's called the Final Doxology.  A doxology is a hymn of praise to God.  Is one of Paul's titles "Saint of verbosity?"


I get it, Lord.  You are God.  You are omnipotent, omnisciencent, and we owe everything to You.


I join Paul in praising You for your love and care, especially giving us Your Son, Jesus.


 Thank You, Jesus, for loving me.


I must never, never, forget to praise and give thanks to God.

Wednesday, November 22, 2023

Keep Singing


R. (2a) For ever I will sing the goodness of the Lord.
The promises of the LORD I will sing forever;
through all generations my mouth shall proclaim your faithfulness.
For you have said, "My kindness is established forever";
in heaven you have confirmed your faithfulness.
R. For ever I will sing the goodness of the Lord.
"I have made a covenant with my chosen one,
I have sworn to David my servant:
Forever will I confirm your posterity
and establish your throne for all generations."
R. For ever I will sing the goodness of the Lord.
"He shall say of me, 'You are my father,
my God, the Rock, my savior.'
Forever I will maintain my kindness toward him,
and my covenant with him stands firm."
R. For ever I will sing the goodness of the Lord.


These verses sing the praises of God.  What you don't see is the despair, the defeat, and hardship, that David is living.  In spite of it, David still praises God; that's the point.


I see the very words of God quoted here: "My kindness is established forever; "I have made a covenant with my chosen one, I have sworn to David my servant: Forever will I confirm your posterity. and establish your throne for all generations."
     David has faith.  I should.  


Lord, increase my faith.  I need the faith of David.  I want to be steadfast, strong, and loyal.  I plead for the grace of more faith.


Steadfast love leads to faithfulness.

Brother Wolf

Brother Wolf, is Eleanor Bourg Nicholson's second novel with Dominican Father Thomas Edmund Gilroy.  I don't know why I started with the second novel, rather than the first, anymore than I know why I've put off reading them until now.  Well, I do know; I'm a fool, that's why.  I thought they'd be silly.

Mea culpa! Mea Culpa.

I loved it.  I couldn't put it down.  All day I rushed to get home to reading.  I dreamt about it. I talked about it.  Did I mention that I loved it?

It's an easy, fast read, probably because the reader wants to see what's ahead.  It's a gothic novel, set around the turn of the 19th century.  It has vampires, and werewolves, and romance, and gypsies, curses, demons, exorcists, and whatever else you want.  

Athene is the young maiden who you will be rooting for.  Her father is oppressive.  Her mother is deceased.  Her father is an ex-priest and joins the group of werewolf hunters to find and save the brother of one of the nuns.  Yes, there are nuns, monks, friars, priests, brothers, professors, believers, and not...  

Athene and everyone do battle against the forces of evil.  And you know who wins.  Light always overcomes darkness.  

I'm hooked and I'm reading Nicholson's first novel and any sequels forth coming.  

Hello There


If you enlarge the license plate on this car in front of me, you can see that it reads 
2 John 13.  I couldn't look it up at the time, while I was driving, but I did look it up when I had the chance.

It made me smile.

The children of your elect sister greet you.

Sunday, November 19, 2023

Hasta Luego, Jorge.

 It is the worst.  One of my "cloistered brothers" has died.  It is shocking.  People talked to him hours before he died.  He did have a little stroke a few weeks ago and was on medicine.  

It's so sad.  He was fairly young and looking forward to this being his last Thanksgiving and Christmas, inside.  We were all grief stricken. 

We had Mass today, which was called our Thanksgiving Mass.  Of course, Mass is a Thanksgiving, anyway, so we added prayers for Jorge.

It will take us a while to process this tragedy.  

Thursday, November 16, 2023

Good Guys Finish Last 

I can't get the video, but you can by clicking on the link.  I'm posting this take on Matt: 25:14-30 because I came across a different and unusual look at this parable.

The Master is a crook.  Matt 25: 24

I knew you were a demanding person, harvesting where you did not plant and gathering where you did not scatter...

Jesus is saying the Master is not an honest person.  Also, the amount of money he gives to his servants is incomprehensible.  Who does that!
      Anyway, the servants, imitating their master, extort, or rob, or whatever, increase the amount of money their Master gave them and are praised for it.  Because they are like their Master, dishonest.

The only honest man in the bunch is the accused lazy servant.  He was given a certain amount of money and returned the exact amount he was given.

Imagine the activities of the first and second servants.  They were praised because they were like their boss.  But the third servant was prudent to a fault and he was punished for it.  Since this parable is supposed to be about the parousia, perhaps the message is not to sit around waiting.  We have to keep working for the Second Coming.  What else could be the message?

Monday, November 13, 2023

That Foolish Shepherd

 There's a parable in Luke 15: 1-7, where Jesus goes after the lost sheep.  I know that leaving 99 sheep just to go after ONE, is silly.  But thinking that way is missing the point.  

We expect God to forgive sinners, but going after us, searching for us, and then joyfully forgiving us, proves that He must truly love us.

Saturday, November 11, 2023


 A friend sent me an email asking me to watch this video.  I consider it alarmist and smacks of a conspiracy theory.  It's also familiar.  You see this type of theory every time there's a tragedy.  It's scapegoating, gaslighting, and unoriginal.

I first saw this type of intrigue when I was in college.  We read about people who believed that President Roosevelt purposely put the entire naval fleet in Pearl Harbor to be bombed by the Japanese.  He as Secretary of the Navy wanted new ships and Congress wouldn't vote the money.  So when president, and he had news that the Japanese were rattling swords, he put the naval fleet in Pearl Habor.  Budda Bing/Budda Bang!  He got a brand new navy.

When you watch this video, you will see that the Israel Defense Force deliberately left the Gaza border open.  Why?  So Netanyahu would have an excuse to attack Gaza.

Get it?

Roosevelt=evil.  Netanyahu=evil.

Do you believe it?  As for me, I leave it all to God.  He knows what's going on and He has a plan.  Psalm 112: 7

Christ's Precious Blood

 Blood?  What?  Do you think this is disgusting?  Not to Catholics, although I can see where you are coming from.  When I was teaching at a school called, Most Precious Blood, my husband and I were purchasing a house.  When I filled out the application, the broker couldn't believe that I worked for a place called "Something BLOOD?"  It was so abhorrent to him. 

Whatever.  Here's the story.

Friday, November 10, 2023

A Sororal Custom

My sister is ten years older than I.  She always liked to color, even now.  Aren’t we lucky that today adult coloring is considered a good stress reliever?  She still colors.

But I’m thinking back a few years—as far back as the 1950’s.  My sister and I are young.  I could have been 5 or 6 and she is 15 and 16.  It’s Christmas and we always received the usual pajamas and underwear, socks, and always a surprise, or two.  Even though the pajamas, socks, and underwear weren’t a surprise, it was nice to see what new designs and colors they were.  Another sure gift was a coloring book and a new box of crayons.  My sister

may have been given paints and a coloring book for teenagers, but our anticipation of them heightened the reception of the new gifts.

Yes, coloring was and is fun, but the best part is yet to come.

Our Christmas trees were always real. However, the Christmas tree stand wasn’t a stand.  It was a pail with rocks in it.  The trunk of the tree was fitted securely into the middle of the rocks.  It was my job to water the tree to keep it fresh, by making sure the pail always had water.  My sister wrapped Christmas paper around the pail to make it look like a present.

We decorated the tree nicely.  We always had plenty of tinsel and we wrapped angel hair around as many light bulbs that we could.  I think we had the prettiest tree on the street. 

The best part is coming. My memory, one of my favorite memories, is Christmas night.

We put on our new Christmas pajamas and socks.  We got out our new coloring books and crayons and paints. We shut off all the lights in the house, except the Christmas tree lights.   Then we flattened ourselves onto our tummies and crawled under the Christmas tree.

And we colored.

There, under the tree lights, my sister and I, and no one else in the whole wide world knew where we were or what we were doing.  It was just us, doing our sisterly tradition.

It was magical.

Wednesday, November 8, 2023



LECTIO:              2 Sm 7:1-5, 8b-12, 14a, 16

When King David was settled in his palace,
and the LORD had given him rest from his enemies on every side,
he said to Nathan the prophet,
"Here I am living in a house of cedar,
while the ark of God dwells in a tent!"
Nathan answered the king,
"Go, do whatever you have in mind,
for the LORD is with you."
But that night the LORD spoke to Nathan and said:
"Go, tell my servant David, 'Thus says the LORD:
Should you build me a house to dwell in?'

"It was I who took you from the pasture
and from the care of the flock
to be commander of my people Israel.
I have been with you wherever you went,
and I have destroyed all your enemies before you.
And I will make you famous like the great ones of the earth.
I will fix a place for my people Israel;
I will plant them so that they may dwell in their place
without further disturbance.
Neither shall the wicked continue to afflict them as they did of old,
since the time I first appointed judges over my people Israel.
I will give you rest from all your enemies.
The LORD also reveals to you
that he will establish a house for you.
And when your time comes and you rest with your ancestors,
I will raise up your heir after you, sprung from your loins,
and I will make his kingdom firm.
I will be a father to him,
and he shall be a son to me.
Your house and your kingdom shall endure forever before me;
your throne shall stand firm forever."


This reading recalls God's covenant with David--promising to carry on his line, forever.  Jesus is the fulfillment of this promise.  This is the first time the prophet Nathan is mentioned.  Prophets communicated God's plans to the kings.  Many kings rejected the plans but God still sent prophets.  In these verses, God is saying that He doesn't want David to build Him a house.  David accepted God's "no."  Note that David's request was good, but God said "no."


Why didn't God want David to build a house for Him?  God never gave a reason.  David's son, Solomon builds the house.  
    The important lesson for me is that God sometimes says, "no," even when the request is a good one.  I need to accept God's plans, like David. God gives us other things.  David was promised a dynasty.  Jesus is a Son of David.*


Lord, give me understanding and wisdom to accept Your "no's," to me. I need to remember that when You say "no," we will get something better.


May Your Will be mine.


For ever I will sing the goodness of the Lord.


Tuesday, November 7, 2023

the Tucum Ring


The story of the tucum ring is interesting.  The ring means you are in solidarity with the poor.  The origin of this ring dates 15-16th century.

The legend around the ring highlights a bishop who in a meeting with the leaders of the Tapirapé people, an autochthonous tribe in Brazil, was awed by their faith and resilience. He asked for their forgiveness for the way his people had treated their people. More important, he asked forgiveness for the church’s complicity in oppressing their people over the centuries.

The bishop removed his gold ring, the symbol of his liturgical office, and presented the ring to the leader of the community, saying something to the effect of “Though we cannot return all the gold we’ve plundered or restore all the lives we destroyed, we long to try to make things right. Take this ring as a symbol of my desire for what the church will be—no longer taking but giving.”

The Tapirapé chief accepted the ring and reciprocated the bishop’s gesture by removing his black tucum ring and giving it to the church leader as a symbol of their forgiveness and in celebration of their newfound solidarity.

From that moment onward, the bishop wore that tucum ring as the sign of his ecclesial office.

 It is made from the fruit of the tucum palm tree in Brazil.  Nowadays, people who are in sympathy with the poor in South American, wear the ring.

A Time of Disaster and Violence

 Today is Tuesday in the Thirty-First Week in Ordinary Time. The first morning reading is from the first book of Maccabees. 

The Maccabees was the name of a family. They lived and were prominent in the city of Modein—a little north of Jerusalem. They kept to themselves being kosher in a time when the king and the people practiced pagan sacrifices. Their leader, Mattathias, couldn’t take any more of the pagan worship,  and warred against the king and his followers. The reading quotes Mattathias:

Arrogance and scorn have now grown strong; it is a time of disaster and violent anger…

This quote fits Israel, today. Hamas was arrogant and scornful enough to attack Israel. Israel is defending itself causing much anger and disaster. 

No matter the times, people don't change.

Monday, November 6, 2023

Telling the Pope Where to Go

 Louis de Wohl's Lay Siege to Heaven is historical saint fiction about St. Catherine of Siena.  It's a fictional account of her life.  All the stories, the bits and pieces that I've picked up, here and there, are pulled together quite nicely.

Catherine lived in a time of toxic political scheming and discord. Italy did not exist, at that time.  The cities were like separate countries and always warring against each other.  It wasn't even safe for the pope to live in Rome.  During Catherine's time, the pope lived in Avignon, France.

Catherine felt called to live the life of a consecrated virgin.  She did not enter the convent and it was a good thing she didn't.  She would never have been free enough to do what she did.

She roamed here and there, to help people.  She helped out in hospitals and visited prisons to bring the love and mercy to prisoners.  She wrote letters to the various princes who wanted to war against other cities.  Her letters to the pope helped convince him to return to Rome.

Somewhere she learned to read.  The book says God taught her.  But she wasn't schooled, yet she dictated letters.  She wrote The Dialogue; God's conversations with her. 

She received the stigmata, but requested that the visible signs of this gift, not be shown.  She didn't want the publicity.  

Many people read Louis de Wohl's books on different saints.  Now, I can see why.  The story is easy to read and very understandable.  

Sunday, November 5, 2023

Where is God?

 The discussion with my "cloistered brothers" centered on Timothy Radcliffe's new book, Questioning God.  This is Father Radcliffe's latest book.  It is a discussion between two theologians: Timothy Radcliffe and Lukasz Popko.  Both are Dominican priests.  

We didn't get very far, because we were hung up with our own opinions.  Radcliffe points out that the first words recorded that God speaks in Genesis is "Where are you?"  (Genesis 3: 9)  My brothers laughed at that because we humans are always crying out to God, "Where are You?" Even Jesus asks that very same question, (Mark 15: 34)

We decided that the questions weren't meant to ask for a location, but rather disposition.  Both humans and Jesus on the cross, were asking for a feeling, or assurance, that God was present.  Intellectually, we know that God is omnipresent but it takes a minute or so to have the presence of mind to trust God.

Jesus dying on the cross is the perfect example.  He would have been resurrected, if He didn't die first.  We must trust Him.

Where is God?  He's waiting for us to prove our faith.

Saturday, November 4, 2023

Why the Cross is Backward


If you look at the procession of these friars, during the recitation of the Rosary, you'll notice that the cross is backwards.  I understand that this is a Dominican tradition.  Back in the day, when Bishops were the only ones allowed to preach, the Bishop's cross led processions.  When the Bishop wasn't present, the cross was backwards.

Tuesday, October 31, 2023

Scribblers' Video

 My writer's group is Franklin Senior Scribblers.  We wrote a book and we video taped our book release.  Enjoy:

Monday, October 30, 2023

Soul Cakes



Soul, Soul, a soul cake!
I pray thee, good missus, a soul cake!
One for Peter, two for Paul,
three for Him what made us all!
Soul Cake, soul cake, please good missus, a soul cake.
An apple, a pear, a plum, or a cherry, any good thing to make us all merry.
One for Peter, two for Paul, & three for Him who made us all.

Traditional British song

Soul Cakes are a cross between a scone, biscuit, and a cookie.  Traditionally, they are given to children on All Souls Day.  Children would go door to door, singing this song.  

Sounds like our "Trick or Treat."  



Sunday, October 29, 2023

Understanding Grows

 Today my "cloistered brothers" were discussing puzzling scripture passages.  We concluded that our understanding grows much like love.

Think about it.  As a child, you loved your parents and friends.  But once you fall in love, as a young adult, that's another dimension.  Then when you have a child, love grows exponentially.  

We figure that understanding grows like love.  When you first read the Bible you have a rudimentary understanding.  As you mature, understanding scripture is different and better since you understand more.

Saturday, October 28, 2023

Justice or Mercy or Both


This is the centerpiece of the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception.  It is a mosaic of Christ in Majesty.

The two friends I went to the Rosary Pilgrimage at the Basilica, had an argument over it.  One loved it and thought it depicted Christ in Judgement.  My other friend thought it was a terrible depiction of Jesus because He looked angry.

We searched Google and found out that the mosaic shows both the Justice of Christ and His mercy.  

The mosaic is not only a picture of Christ’s power and might; it also portrays His profound mercy and sacrifice. While one of His eyebrows is raised in judgment, the other is relaxed, revealing his mercy and kindness to His children. Additionally, de Rosen’s design shows Christ on a rainbow throne, a symbol of pardon and reconciliation, harkening to the Lord’s promise to Noah in the Old Testament. His right shoulder is bare to show His wounded side, demonstrating His humanity and the blood of His sacrifice.

 In fact, put your thumb over half of Jesus' face.  One side is softer than the other. You'll see Christ honored throughout the basilica, but this mosaic is the crowning piece.

Friday, October 27, 2023

Better the Second Time Around

 Michael Casey's Sacred Reading/The Ancient Art of Lectio Divina is a "how to do" Lectio Divina.  This is the second time I've read it.  I don't often read books twice, but when I do, I underline in different colored inks.  If you were to look at this book, Sacred Reading, you would see that the pencil underlined sections (as opposed to the first time reading's ink) by far outnumber the first time's read.  

The first time I read the book, I didn't know anything about Lectio Divina, and this book was an introduction.  I don't remember being impressed with the book or learning anything.  I must have though because I persisted in trying Lectio Divina.

Since then, I taught Lectio Divina to a parish's adult faith formation.  I essentially showed videos explaining the steps. Then along came the Order of Preacher's 800th anniversary and I contributed to their Lectio Divina Project. We participants were taught the usual steps: Lectio, Meditatio, Oratio, and Contemplatio, with one more step that was very Dominican--Studium.  I loved this step.  Studium explained many questions.  Finally, somewhere along the way, I was taught to add a final step--Resolutio.  This made sense.  What could is praying if it doesn't change you?  Lectio Divina is praying while reading.

The author, Michael Casey recommends reading the scriptures and church fathers.  This makes more sense than sitting in a lotus position and humming.  We should get as close as we can to praying as Jesus taught his disciples.  Casey lists books to read, as well as his personal reading lists.  Plus, his notes are just as interesting as the book, itself.

I'm glad I re-read this book.  It has helped me tremendously.  I do recommend it.


Thursday, October 26, 2023

Fray Luis De Cáncer - Protomartyr

 Father Luis de Cancer is a martyr.  He was beaten to death trying to evangelize Florida in 1549.  The Spanish Conquistadors had raped and razed the land so badly that the natives were murderously hostile.  

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Servants of God

Antonio Cuipa and companions
Roberto, one of the martyrs of La Florida
DiedSpanish Florida
Venerated inCatholic Church
FeastOctober 3

The Martyrs of La Florida (d. 1549–1706) were a group of Native American and Spanish Catholics killed in Florida during the Spanish Empire's colonial expansion into North America. The group of 86 individuals includes a number of priests and laypeople, killed by Native Americans and subjects of the British Empire.[1] The lead martyr of the cause is the Native American layman Antonio Cuipa. Fr Luis Cáncer, OP is among the others killed, alongside a number of DominicansJesuitsFranciscans, and various laypeople.[2][1][3]

Their cause for canonization was opened in 2015 by Bishop Gregory Parkes of the Diocese of Pensacola–Tallahassee, along with support from bishop representatives in the dioceses of St. Augustine, St. Petersburg, Orlando, Palm Beach and Venice. The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops has also endorsed the cause.[4]

  A Protomartyr is the first to be martyred.  Like St. Thecla is the first woman to be martyred and St. Stephen is the first male.  St. Peter of Verona is the first Dominican to be martyred.  Here's a list from Wikipedia.

Complex Question Fallacy

 How do you answer a question someone asks you, when the question isn't true?  The question takes for granted an answer that you haven&#...